Suggested Reading for FVI Exam


Bringing The World Into Focus: The Story of VOSH (Volunteer Optometric Services to Humanity), Michel Listenberger, OD, FVI (2017)

World Report On Vision, Issued by the World Health Organization, October 2019

Vision Impairment and Blindness, World Health Organization Fact Sheet, Updated October 2017

Universal eye health: A global action plan 2014-2019. World Health Organization

The Rationale for Shifting From A Voluntary Clinical Approach To A Public health Approach In Addressing Refractive Errors, Vincent, Pearce, Leasher, Mlandenovich, Patel (2007)

Potential Lost Productivity resulting from the Global Burden of Uncorrected Refractive Error, Smith, Frick, Naido (2009)

Global Vision Impairment and Blindness Due to Uncorrected Refractive Error, 1990-2010. Naidoo KS1, Leasher J, Bourne RR, Flaxman SR, Jonas JB, Keeffe J, Limburg H, Pesudovs K, Price H, White RA, Wong TY, Taylor HR, Resnikoff S; Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Mar;93(3):227-3

Causes of vision loss worldwide, 1990-2010 a systematic analysis, Rupert R A Bourne, Gretchen A Stevens, Richard A White, Jennifer L Smith, Seth R Flaxman, Holly Price, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeff, Janet Leasher, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Serge Resnikoff , Hugh R Taylor, on behalf of the Vision Loss Expert Group

Uncorrected Refractive error and presbyopia accommodating the unmet need, RA Bourne

Visual Impairment and Blindness in Adults in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Variations From 2015 to 2050. Varma R, Vajaranant TS, Burkemper B, Wu S, Torres M, Hsu C, Choudhury F, McKean-Cowdin R. (2016)

Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Rupert R A Bourne*, Seth R Flaxman*, Tasanee Braithwaite, Maria V Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Serge Resnikoff, Alex Silvester, Gretchen A Stevens, Nina Tahhan, Tien Y Wong, Hugh R Taylor,on behalf of the Vision Loss Expert Group (2016)

Addressing refractive error visual impairment: volunteer organisations’ alignment with Vision 2020 and public health principles. Pearce MG, Pearch N. Clin Exp Optom 2012; 95: 583–589 (2012)

25 Questions and Answers on Health and Human RightsWorld Health Organization (2002)

Uncorrected Refractive Error: The Major Cause of Global Visual Impairment, Brien Holden (2002)

What is the Global Burden of Visual Impairment, Lalit Dandona (2006)

Internet Websites of Interest

Brien Holden Vision Institute –

EYElliance –

Helen Keller International –

International Centre for Eyecare Education –

 International Eye Foundation –

 Lions Clubs International Foundation –

Surgical Eye Expeditions International –

 VISION 2020: The Right to Sight –

Vision Impact Institute –

VOSH / International –

World Council of Optometry –

World Health Organization –